Edith and Elizabeth were well known travelers, as noted by the many lectures they gave to Garden Clubs and other interested groups. I was fortunate to follow in their footsteps this winter, as I joined Jane McGary, a good friend of mine and longtime botanical editor for Timber Press, on her eighth trip to Chile.
During our adventure, we drove over 1,500 miles from north of Santiago all the way to the Lakes District in the south. We met some wonderful people, saw amazing birds and wildlife, enjoyed some local gardens and observed many beautiful plant species in their native habitats. Chile has a fantastic diversity of habitats. Our travels took us from arid steppe to subtropical forests and from sea level to over 11,000 feet in elevation.
We encountered orchids growing on recent volcanic lava flows, dramatic waterfalls covered with ferns and gunnera and mountain slopes with giant araucaria trees. The diversity of wildlife was amazing as well, with birds from burrowing parrots to the giant Andean condor, I was even lucky enough to see wild culpeo fox!
I have about 3,000 photos to organize! I’m working on a lecture that covers this amazing trip which I plan to share with supporters and friends of the Lord and Schryver Conservancy this February.
Stay tuned for this don’t miss event!
While most gardeners have put garden to bed for the winter and are enjoying the crisp, frosty mornings of the Holiday season, the Lord and Schryver Conservancy has been busy with several construction projects. One is the much anticipated second phase of the Deepwood Lower Terrace Pathway project.
Robert Crown and his crew from Riverdale Landscape Construction have begun removing the old brick retaining wall and steps for renovation. This excavation work has revealed the footings for the old Rose Tunnel. This metal structure was likely the home for 12 climbing roses that were originally planted in 1934 and then again in 1949. One can only imagine what it must have been like to stroll under the Rose canopy when it was in its full glory in the late 1930’s and early 1940’s.
The Addendum to the Historic Deepwood Estate Historic Landscape Report suggests this structure is not currently suitable for replacement due to the deep shade cast by the overhead tree canopy. However, the location of the original footings has been carefully documented and perhaps someday if the tree canopy were opened up, this element could be restored to the garden.
For now, the focus is on restoration of the pathway, steps and retaining wall to a more structurally sound version of its former self. We are adding drainage behind the wall as well as channel drains to alleviate the runoff issue down the steep path. The pathway will get base rock and a stabilized, decomposed granite surface that won’t wash out during the heavy rains.
The Lord and Schryver Conservancy is extremely grateful to a generous donor who made this project possible. Without such help, the wonderful Deepwood gardens would be but a shadow of its former glory. It’s exciting to be working toward the restoration of this gem of a City Park.
In spring 1971, an aging Elizabeth Lord wrote about the Seal Rock Cottage in her garden journal:
“I had Ivan cut the alders – down the path way, that part has changed so much, a sweet little garden wild things growing along the wood edging – but 2 years and no attention became a mass of salal [Gaultheria shallon] & salmonberry [Rubus spectabilis] and no trace of a trail. Kurt took out the wild planting of salal [Gaultheria shallon] where the honeysuckle [Lonicera] had entwined itself – this left a larger space I immediately filled with Marguerites and Digitalis. I shall keep it such in memory of Montague’s love of wild flowers. This was a trying year. I do not have the pep to do the heavy work about the place down here. Nature grows at its will and nothing can hold it back. “
Nature has been working on the Lord property at Seal Rock for a very long time. The constant moisture from the neighboring Pacific Ocean provides each plant with plenty of water. The coastal thickets of salal, salmonberry, and sword fern are dense underneath the canopy of spruce and shore pines. It defies imagination how the elk, such a large creature, can navigate these impenetrable seeming thickets with such ease.
The Seal Rock Cottage and Garden was an often used getaway for Elizabeth and Edith, mentioned frequently in Elizabeth’s journals from the mid-1930’s to the 70’s. Reading through the journals, one sees their desire to escape the Willamette Valley’s summer heat to revel in the cooler coastal conditions where plants such as heather, rhododendron, calla lilies and coastal natives thrived during the dog days of summer.
Several of us were fortunate to visit the Seal Rock Cottage and Garden on a recent stellar winter day. Carmen Lord, Elizabeth’s relative and the property’s owner, has the site up for sale. The hope is that the property is not sold to a developer but instead to someone who appreciates the history that runs deep and who wants to preserve what can be saved.
“Staying the 2 weeks at Seal Rock knowing the wet weather in August was helping the garden here and as the year of ’68 was an off year and about finished as far as gardening was concerned. I was happy knowing that I did not have too much to do, but could plan now for the year to come.”
Elizabeth Lord; Garden Journal 1968
The Reserve Garden Restoration project continues! The contractor braced up the shed and used a shoring crane to pick the building up and move it to the other side of the Reserve garden. With the shed out of the way, a mini-excavator is being used to remove the old concrete pad and dig down to make solid base for the new foundation.
We are so pleased to see this project coming along nicely!
The weatherman says this is the coldest Thanksgiving in years so bundle up. If you are traveling, we wish you a safe journey.
The much-anticipated restoration of the Reserve Shed and Garden area at Gaiety Hollow has begun! This project will lift the old shed, build a new foundation and floor under it and set it back in place. The concrete flat work in the garden area is being redone with the historical design and finish in mind. We are very excited to see this project underway and look forward to its completion this winter season.
A few modern updates will take place as well, with electricity added to the shed, relocation of the water hose bibs, and renovation of the planting bed. After the contractor work is completed, we will add a potting bench and cold frames for propagation.
A big thank you to all the volunteers who helped clean out the shed in preparation for this project. We are forever grateful for the dedicated support of hard-working volunteers who keep this garden looking great!
Stay tuned for updates on this winter project!
Osmanthus or tea olives are outstanding small evergreen trees and shrubs in the Oleacea family. Gaiety Hollow is home to one particularly outstanding specimen of Osmanthus x fortunei that Edith and Elizabeth planted in the mid-1960’s. It’s a fall bloomer with flowers so fragrant you can smell the blossoms all down the alley on a calm, cool morning.
The plant is named for Robert Fortune (1812-1880), the intrepid Scottish botanist best known for his exploits of stealing tea plants (Camellia sinensis) from China and smuggling them to India on behalf of the British East India company in the mid-1800’s. He introduced this hybrid of Osmanthus fragrans and Osmanthus heterophyllus in 1858. During his three years in China, Robert Fortune sent thousands of plants back to the British Isles in Wardian cases. These were glass terrariums filled with plants and sealed so the plants would survive the long ocean journey back to England.
It’s not surprising that throughout the 1940’s, 50’s and 60’s, Edith and Elizabeth tried quite a few different Osmanthus in the garden, as these stately shrubs and small trees would have met their many design requirements including extreme fragrance, glossy evergreen foliage, screening capability, elegant structure and varied habit from shrub to small tree.
Records show Edith and Elizabeth grew Osmanthus armatus, fragrans, illicifolius and delavayi, as well as x fortunei and heterophyllus over the years. If you don’t grow Osmanthus in your garden you should…there is a species or cultivar to fit any size garden. In my home garden, I have the smaller Osmanthus delavayi and Osmanthus heterophyllus ‘purpureus‘, and after experiencing the wonderful tree form that Edith and Elizabeth planted so many years ago, I think I’ll be adding Osmanthus x fortunei to my planting list.
If you have been following the blog and the goings-on of the Lord and Schryver Conservancy, you know that a funding from a generous donor enabled the restoration the Deepwood’s Lower Terrace and Grape Arbor this past spring. Although the hardscaping and Arbor were completed, we decided to wait until fall to replace the vines that historically graced this structure. Last Friday, I visited the Rogerson Clematis Garden in hopes of locating several clematis varieties that records show were used by Edith and Elizabeth.
I was fortunate enough to time the trip to run into Linda Beutler, the curator of the clematis collection. I showed Linda the historical records I had on the clematis that were planted at Deepwood long ago. Linda was familiar with Deepwood as she had taken a group of National Clematis Convention participants on a tour of Deepwood some time ago. She wasted no time in compiling a list of possible clematis candidates, selecting several appropriate varieties and generously donated them to the project!
What an amazing gift from a generous horticulturalist, teacher and author who took the time to go through lists of old cultivars with me. Linda even explained some of the name changes that have taken place over the years. Thank you, Linda, for helping select plants that reflect Edith and Elizabeth’s work at Deepwood.
If you haven’t been to the Rogerson Clematis Garden, it is more than worth the trip: https://www.rogersonclematiscollection.org/about-us I visited in October and there were dozens if not hundreds of species and varieties still in bloom, but Linda tells me that the peak bloom time to visit is July. I hope to put together a field trip next year for our garden volunteers so we can all personally thank Linda for the generous donation, helping to make the restoration of another Lord and Schryver garden a reality.
We had a very special visitor in the garden this past summer. Ellen Egan, the owner of Egan Gardens visited Gaiety Hollow for the first time!
In 1875, the Egan family established a farm on the deep Amity silt loam soils just west of the tiny hamlet of Brooks, Oregon. Later in the 1950’s, Bill Egan, Ellen’s father, started a nursery on the property. Later still, Ellen took over operations from her father and has continued to run a wonderful nursery business on the same property as the old farmstead.
Elizabeth and Edith started buying plants at Egan Gardens in the 1950’s. Records show that they were frequent customers throughout the 1950’s and 60’s, purchasing a variety of dahlias, cineraria, alyssum, hydrangeas, petunias and marigolds. However, it appears that Edith and Elizabeth were particularly fond of Egan’s premium quality geraniums.
Ellen Egan at Gaiety Hollow-Photo by Mary Anne Spradlin
The Lord and Schryver Conservancy has kept this long running relationship alive to this day. Visitors to Gaiety Hollow this past summer would have admired the many Egan-grown alyssum and salvia in the Parterre garden.
Over time, it seems that many mom and pop, brick and mortar stores have gone by the wayside. We are proud of the long-running relationship we have with this fine local grower. Supporting local businesses is one of the best ways to keep our local economy strong and thriving.
We hope to see Ellen in the garden more often. We look forward to shopping through her wonderfully stuffed hoop houses for garden offerings come spring, just as Edith and Elizabeth did many years ago.
Did you know that you can tell the temperature by listening to the crickets and katydids chirping at night?
In 1897, A tufts professor named A.E. Dolbear published a paper showing that the rate of chirping of crickets and katydids varies with changes in temperature. His math equations for this phenomena became known as Dolbears law. Interestingly enough, it is thought he derived much of his data from a woman named Margarette W. Brooks who in 1881 published a report titled, “Influence of temperature on the chirp of the cricket” in Popular Science Monthly.
Board member and volunteer gardener Mary Anne Spradlin, brought in a Fork tailed Bush Katydid for ID this week and it got me thinking about how the night time temperatures are dropping and while there is perhaps a bit more urgency in the crickets and Katydids chirps with the advancing of the season, the rate at which they are chirping is certainly slowing down in the evenings.
In case you are laying awake at night and want to factor in the temperature by counting the chirps outside your bedroom window, here is the equation:
T = 60+[(N-19)/3]
N being the number of chirps in a minute
T being the temperature